Sunday, May 24, 2020
It is hard to believe how greed affects the lives of people. Often people do not realize that money and power are not everything in life. During the Industrial Revolution many people let their lives be heavily manipulated by their material wants rather than their needs. As a result they were often unhappy with the lives they had while others were in abundance of happiness. Charles Dickens lived during the Industrial Revolution and knew what life was like during those times (BBC - Primary History - Famous People - Charles Dickens). In Hard Times, Dickens portrays the lives of a group of people who were directly affected by the Industrial Revolution. Thomas Gradgrind, Louisa Gradgrind, and Josiah Bounderby are three characters that are deeply affected by the Industrial Revolution in the novel. The novel begins by giving us an overview of Thomas Gradgrind beliefs. This man who is the first character to be introduced to the readers in Hard Times is portrayed as a monotone, mechanized man who relies solely on facts and nothing more. In the novel he is described as, Ã¢â¬Å"A man who proceeds upon the principle that two and two are four, and nothing over, and who is not to be talked into allowing for anything overÃ¢â¬ (Dickens, Book the First, CH II). He also owns a school where children do not seem to have an individual personality as they are reduced to mere number on a list, as he refers to a girl not by her name but as Ã¢â¬Å"girl number twentyÃ¢â¬ . Additionally, his philosophy of notShow MoreRelatedEssay on Tom Walker Theme937 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWalker In Washington IrvingÃ¢â¬â¢s short story The Devil and Tom Walker, greed is shown to be a terrible trait that comes with many negative affects. Revealed by Irving when he introduced the setting, Tom Walker lived a miserable life isolated with his untrustworthy wife due to his miserly personality, and by this Irving was showing that living a life of greed will ultimately lead to misery. When decisions are being made based on greed and self benefit it will alter one thinking process and help you toRead MoreGreed Is The Most Driving Force Of Our Modern Society880 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGreed manages to be possibly the most driving force in our modern society. It fuels a multitude of things: hate, need for power, many peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ reasons for attending higher level schools, etc. Whether we notice it or not, greed is there. It is always there. It hides itself behind false courtesy and kindness. It is a dark horse. Greed affects us all both negatively and positively. We can rarely chan ge this effect. If greed were a person, it would be the person you see not assisting anyone. ItRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie Baby Driver1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessin plagues the lives of every character in the movie. As the movie proves though, just because someone sins does not necessarily mean he or she is a bad person. Although this movie takes place in the complete absence of God, it is important to note that God plays the most important role in our real lives when it comes to sin. While Baby Driver shows how some really immoral people can devote their whole lives to crime and sin, the film also demonstrates how upright, virtuous people still end up givingRead MoreGreed Essay1303 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdeadly sins Ã¢â¬â greed, envy, sloth, wrath, gluttony, pride and lust Ã¢â¬â as the characteristics of people which will lead to unhappiness. One particular sin evident in our world today is greed. Greed is defined as an excessive desire to possess wealth or goods. The greed that exis ts in our world leads people to unhappy and selfish lives. Greed is evident through individual people, corporate companies and in our governments. The desire to be successful and happy naturally exists in all people. SuccessRead MoreThe Pearl Theme Essay1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesGood vs. evil, greed, social oppression, we see it all around us and more importantly it shows up in the books we read. The themes good vs. evil, greed, social oppression, they all show up the book The Pearl, by John Steinbeck to help you find general topics in the story and to show the reader the impact that the different themes have on the story. In The Pearl the many themes in the book help you see big and small impacts to characters and the world around them, the themes also help you convey theRead MoreIgnorance and Greed Leads to a Quick Ending in Edgars Allen PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s The Cask of Amontillado796 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesexamples of how greed and ignorance combined can lead to a quick ending, both physically and mentally. The story possesses two different aspects of an ending through two similar but yet different characters. Both characters poss ess the trait of greed, which hinders their ability to think rationally. The most obvious aspect of greed is carried out by Montresor, because this is a Ã¢â¬Å"short story of revenge.Ã¢â¬ He seeks to make Fortunato, the other character possessing the ignorant and greed trait, feelRead MoreEssay On Greed In Catch 221296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Greed is so destructive. It destroys everythingÃ¢â¬ (Eartha Kitt). Greed is a dangerous emotion. It causes people to act irrationally and ruin everything around them in the process. This is particularly true in Joseph HellerÃ¢â¬â¢s Catch-22. In the text, Milo forms a syndicate that deals with the black market. Milo then gives everyone involved a share in the syndicate, so that when the syndicate prospers, they prosper as well. However, due to MiloÃ¢â¬â¢s greed, he feels the need to constantly profit. His beliefRead MoreThe Importance Of Greed On Technology And The Environment993 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesactions and inventions of peo ple. Environmental advocates address these issues and call for change, but at times their efforts seem futile, because many people do not seem to care or know enough, and thus continue to harm the environment and themselves by selfish greed or ignorance. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Obligation to Endure,Ã¢â¬ Rachel Carson points to man as the main cause of environmental threats, and quotes Jean Rostand in saying Ã¢â¬Å"the obligation to endure is the right to know.Ã¢â¬ To live and deal with these problemsRead MoreCharacter Analysis of Candide in Voltaires Candide1860 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesaccording to the story may not necessarily been all that innocent considering the fact that he also had an issue with greed. With that said, this essay will focus on the authors understanding on the writers intentions of Candides innocent outlook on life and the second part will also go into a different discussion with regards to understanding and the interpretation of the greed of Candide. With elaborating and getting a clear understanding on the writers intentions of Candides innocent outlook
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
The difficulty in life is the choice. Well what a curious statement for me to make when that seems to be the totalitarian objective that we as individuals seek throughout our childhood and well into our adult lives; Ã¢â¬Å"the freedom of choiceÃ¢â¬ . Then why does that statement seem to ring so true and prevalent in our society today? A culture where teachers and professors are now moving into the roles of Ã¢â¬Å"facilitatorsÃ¢â¬ where students are encouraged to get to answers to fundamental questions through discussions and finally making their own decision; as opposed to the fundamental Ã¢â¬Å"do as toldÃ¢â¬ style. Well I think that basically comes down to the fact that history has shown us that there are multiple ways to achieve an objective and the onlyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦However, for complex, critical or important managerial decisions it is necessary to take time to decide systematically. Being a manager means making critical decisions that cannot and mu st not be wrong or fail. One must trust ones judgment and accept responsibility. There is a tendency to look for scapegoats or to shift responsibility. Top level managers are frequently criticized by lower levels of management, writers, and consultants because after promotion they continue to enmesh themselves in operating problems rather than to withdraw to the Ã¢â¬Å"big picture (Wrapp, 1967).Ã¢â¬ Decisions are at the heart of any organization. At times there are critical moments when these decisions can be difficult, perplexing and nerve-wracking. Making decisions can be hard for a variety of structural, emotional, and organizational reasons. Doubling the difficulties are factors such as uncertainties, having multiple objectives, interactive complexity, and anxiety. Strategic decisions are purposeful actions. The future of your organization and the progress of your career might be profoundly affected by what you as a manager decide. The Industrial Revolution of the 19th century probably did more to shape life in the modern industrialized world than any event in history. Large factories with mass production created a need for managing them effectively and efficiently. The field of Decision Science (DS) also known as Management Science (MS), started with theShow MoreRelatedDecision Making820 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesQuestion 1: Which biases in decision making can be identified in the performances of both Pieterson and Gack? How can the identified biases be overcome? In general, the decision making style for manager approach decision making is toward rational and intuitive thinking. In rational thinking a person consider the problem in a rational, step-by-step and analytical way. Rational thinking person will resolve a complex and complicated problem into smaller part and then resolve them in a rational,Read MoreDecision Making1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesQues:Ã What are the reason why two perfect individual are never two perfect couples. with the 7 decision making process solve the problem. Ã The 7 decision making processes are: Ã 1. Define the problem 2. Identify limiting factors 3. Develop potential alternatives 4. Analyze the alternatives 5. Select the best alternatives 6. Implement the decision 7. Establish a control and evaluation system Introduction A perfect marriage may be an illusion although the people involve may be perfectRead MoreDecision Making : An Evaluation810 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDecision-Making Generating potential solutions, evaluating the solutions, deciding, checking the decisions and communicating and implementing the decisions were the six areas covered during the quiz (cite). Decisions made at the strategic, routine, project/non-routine, or operational levels have different impacts (cite) and consequences if not managed properly. This paper will address each of the six areas evaluated, discuss the four levels that decisions are made and show my improvement plan toRead MoreThe Development Of Decision Making1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Development of Decision-Making in Nursing Nursing is a profession that has traditionally attracted individuals who have a desire to help others and have an interest in the health sciences (Ruesink, 2012). In the complex world of health care, good intentions only go so far in terms of client safety, quality of care, and achieving the best possible outcomes, and that is why critical thinking, decision making, and evidence based practice are crucial to the nursing profession when acting on theRead MoreResearch in Decision Making1653 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTOPIC 1 DISCUSSION Why research is considered essential in the decision making function of management. Research may be defined as a systematic inquiry whose objective is to provide the information that will allow managerial problems to be solved. It is also seen as an activity that is often carried out by most people, knowingly or unknowingly in the course of their daily lives. It is a systematic inquiry whose objective is to provide the information that will allow managerial problems to be solvedRead MoreIndividual Decision Making vs Group Decision Making2832 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesÃ¢â¬ËGiven the potential problems associated with group decision making, organisations should rely on individual decision making whenever possibleÃ¢â¬â¢. How far do you agree/disagree with this statement? From the days when working conditions were under the strict rules of Taylorism, workers these days are required to be equipped with various soft skills and not to forget, the important value of teamwork. Organisations present-day depend heavily on teamwork. Questions such as Ã¢â¬Å"what strengths can you bringRead Moreethical decision making1211 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Ethical- Decision Making University of the Rockies Mabel Drafton Abstract Countertransference is how therapists distort the way they perceive and react to a client (Corey, Corey, and Callanan, 2011). Therapists are expected to identify and deal with their own reactions with consultation, personal therapy, and supervision that their clients will not be negatively affected by the therapistÃ¢â¬â¢s problem. Personal therapy is an effective way for therapistsRead MoreSynergistic Decision Making1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Synergistic Decision Making Tariq Shah OM-176 Group and Organizational Dynamics PSY 452 Module Two Organizational Management Professor Fabian April 15, 2015 Synergistic Decision Making Working with people is not easy at times. Many people rather work independently of others. I believe most of the reason for the individual deciding to work independent of others, is because they do not want to rely on others for their success or failure. If they can do it alone, they feel more in control ofRead MoreEthical Decision Making : Ethical Decisions1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFacing Ethical Decisions How does a person determine what is right or wrong when making a decision? Most people faced with an ethical decision usually revert to their personal values that hopefully guide them through the decision-making process. Assessing values and morals are an important role when making ethical decisions and how others view a person after making that decision. Ã¢â¬Å"Once we grasp the underlying concepts of making important decisions, we need to know how to apply them.Ã¢â¬ (Fisher, 2005)Read MoreEthical Decision Making : Ethical Decisions1047 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEthical Decision-Making The first step in the CPA (2000) ethical decision-making model is identification of the individuals and groups potentially affected by the decision. In the ethical scenario I presented earlier, the individuals directly involved and likely to be most affected by the decision include the 54-year old woman and myself as the counsellor. Those who will likely be indirectly affected by the decision would be the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s family, including her 20-year old daughter, and the agency
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-on-Avon on April 26, 1564, to a farmer named John Shakespeare. No one knows the exact date he was born, but church records show that he was baptized on April 26. Shakespeare had seven brothers and sisters. We will write a custom essay sample on Short Biography William Shakespeare or any similar topic only for you Order Now Everyone assumes he attended the grammar school in Stratford. Shakespeare didnÃ¢â¬â¢t attend a university but at the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway. Six months after their marriage they had their first daughter, Susanna, and in 1585 they had twins, Hamnet and Judith. He is considered the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest dramatist. He wrote 38 plays and 154 sonnets. William Shakespeare was an actor, a playwright, and a poet. William Shakespeare first started his career in the theatre. During the year 1594 Shakespeare career took a turning point, he joined The Lord ChamberlainÃ¢â¬â¢s Company (formerly known as Ã¢â¬ËLord StrangeÃ¢â¬â¢s MenÃ¢â¬â¢). The Lord ChamberlainÃ¢â¬â¢s Company was a theatrical company that Shakespeare was with for most of his professional career. He was known to play many roles, itÃ¢â¬â¢s also assumed that he played small roles in his own plays, including Hamlet (as Hamlet father). His first biographer, Nicholas Rowe, referred to him as Ã¢â¬Å"the ghost of his own HamletÃ¢â¬ . Even Though William Shakespeare reputation is based on his plays, he actually got famous first as a poet. His first publication was Venus and Adonis in 1593. It was dedicated to 18 years old Henry Wriothesley, the third Earl of Southampton. The dedication received patronage, after receiving it Shakespeare dedicated his next dramatic poem, Lucrece, to the young lord as well.Today Shakespeare is known as the greatest playwright. By 1596 Shakespeare was very successful as a playwright. At this time Shakespeare was already a well-established actor with a great reputation. His plays were attracting a lot of interest, he had theaters fullback in the 16th century. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s impossible to know the exact date that Shakespeare started writing Hamlet, but he finished it in 1601. Hamlet is the most widely performed play, its estimated that itÃ¢â¬â¢s being performed every minute of every day somewhere around the world. Its ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s longest play at 4,042 lines, its said that the character Hamlet has about 1530 lines, which is the most of any character that Shakespeare made. Hamlet is considered a tragedy/revenge tragedy. It was written in London, England and first published in 1603 in a pirated quarto edition titled The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet and then it was published again in 1604 in a superior quarto edition. In the play, Hamlet feels a responsibility to avenge his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s murder. Claudius, who is Hamlet uncle, is the main suspect for HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father murder but since Claudius became the king after marrying HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, Claudius is very protected. Making it very difficult for Hamlet to find the truth about his father murder. After becoming depressed and summoned home to attend his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s funeral, he is shocked to hear that his mother Gertrude is already remarried. HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father then comes to him as a ghost and tells him he wants him to avenge his death. The Ghost triangular relationship between Hamlet, Gertrude and Claudius is very much strong and makes the whole play.As we know the Ghost has come to Hamlet as Ã¢â¬Å"HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s fatherÃ¢â¬ . In the starting of the play when Hamlet is introduce to this ghost he is very wary and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t trust anything he says. Ã¢â¬Å"GHOST: My hour is almost come. When I to sulfurous and tormenting flames. Must render up myself. HAMLET: Alas, poor ghost! GHOST: Pity me not, but lend thy serious hearing. To what I shall unfold. HAMLET: Speak. I am bound to hear. GHOST: So art thou to revenge when thou shalt hear. HAMLET: What? GHOST: I am thy fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s spiritÃ¢â¬ (Act 1 Scene 5). Some literary critics would say Hamlet relationship with this ghost is just a pigment of his imagination but regardless young Hamlet just lost a person who meant a great amount to him. His mother Gertrude, keeps telling him to move on, Ã¢â¬Å"GERTRUDE: Good Hamlet, cast thy nighted color off, And let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark. Do not forever with thy vailÃ ¨d lids. Seek for thy noble father in the dust. Thou knowÃ¢â¬â¢st Ã¢â¬â¢tis common. All that lives must die, Passing through nature to eternity. HAMLET: Ay, madam, it is common. GERTRUDE: If it be, Why seems it so particular with thee? HAMLET: Ã¢â¬Å"Seems,Ã¢â¬ madam? Nay, it is. I know not Ã¢â¬Å"seems.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ËTis not alone my inky cloak, good mother, Nor customary suits of solemn black, Nor windy suspiration of forced breath, No, nor the fruitful river in the eye, Nor the dejected Ã¢â¬Ëhavior of the visage, Together with all forms, moods, shapes of grief, That can denote me truly. These indeed Ã¢â¬Å"seem,Ã¢â¬ For they are actions that a man might play. But I have that within which passeth show, These but the trappings and the suits of woe.Ã¢â¬ (Act 1 Scene 1). This is a conversation Hamlet and his mother had before he met the ghost, he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want his mother to just tell him to stop moping about the death of his father. In fact, as the play goes along he asks his mother why isnÃ¢â¬â¢t she moping around. In the play, Hamlet mentions, several times on different occasions that his mother committed a sin by marrying his uncle. He has a very deep angry towards his mother for doing it and he mentioned to her that he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want her to be his mother. Hamlet angry towards his mother wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t created by the ghost, the ghost tells Hamlet to respect his mother at some point of the play but it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop the ghost from igniting Hamlets angry. The ghost, or better known as Hamlet father, also mentions Gertrude sins. Ã¢â¬Å"GHOST: Ay, that incestuous, that adulterate beast, With witchcraft of his wit, with traitorous giftsÃ¢â¬âO wicked wit and gifts, that have the power. So to seduce!Ã¢â¬âwon to his shameful lust. The will of my most seeming-virtuous queen. O Hamlet, what a falling off was there! From me, whose love was of that dignity. That it went hand in hand even with the vow I made to her in marriage, and to decline Upon a wretch whose natural gifts were poor To those of mine. But virtue, as it never will be moved, Though lewdness court it in a shape of heaven,So lust, though to a radiant angel linked, Will sate itself in a celestial bed And prey on garbage.Ã¢â¬ ( Act 1 Scene 5). HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship with the ghost was created by the angry he felt towards Gertrude and Claudius, before the ghost mentioned Ã¢â¬ËmurderÃ¢â¬â¢ Hamlet knew something was up not only about his mother marrying her dead husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s brother but also the fact that Claudius took the crown from him.The ghost didnÃ¢â¬â¢t really have a relationship with Gertrude and Claudius. In fact, the only people who seem to see or conversate with the ghost is Hamlet. The ghost relationship with Gertrude is merely just the betray Hamlet father feels towards her. The ghost doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t ask Hamlet to avenge his mother, the ghost actually tells hamlet to let God deal with her. Ã¢â¬Å"GHOST: Let not the royal bed of Denmark be A couch for luxury and damnÃ ¨d incest. But howsoever thou pursuest this act, Taint not thy mind, nor let thy soul contrive Against thy mother aught. Leave her to heaven And to those thorns that in her bosom lodge To prick and sting her. Ã¢â¬ HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s father wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t really focused on his wife. His angry was more for his brother, the one that seduced his wife, poisoned him and took his crown. Claudius gained Gertrude trust, where she would go to him about a problem rather than anybody else, for example when Hamlet kills Polonius, Gertrude confided in Claudius. She is also always defending him, some would say she loved Claudius more than she loved her own son. In act 3 scene 3, Shakespeare introduced a play within Hamlet, Claudius who was on the sidelines watching the play begun to feel remorse for killing his brother. This gave Hamlet confirmation that the ghost was telling the truth about his murder, and also the opportunity to kill Claudius. Ã¢â¬Å"CLAUDIUS: Thanks, dear my lord. Oh, my offense is rank. It smells to heaven. It hath the primal eldest curse upon Ã¢â¬Ët, A brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s murder. Pray, can I not. Though inclination be as sharp as will, My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent, And, like a man to double business bound, I stand in pause where I shall first begin, And both neglect. What if this cursÃ ¨d hand. Were thicker than itself with brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s blood? Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens, To wash it white as snow? Whereto serves mercy But to confront the visage of offence? And whatÃ¢â¬â¢s in prayer but this twofold force, To be forestallÃ ¨d ere we come to fall Or pardoned being down? Then IÃ¢â¬â¢ll look up. My fault is past. But oh, what form of prayer Can serve my turn, Ã¢â¬Å"Forgive me my foul murderÃ¢â¬ ? (Act 3 Scene 3). This scene made HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s anger towards Claudius grow and his relationship with the ghost strong. Claudius has no clue that Hamlet knows about his sins, and although Claudius canÃ¢â¬â¢t physically see the ghost, as heÃ¢â¬â¢s praying he can somehow feel the ghost presences. The ghost somehow creates the main conflicts within the play without really being in the play. In conclusion, Shakespeare, the greatest playwright of all time, has left us with many mysteries in Hamlet. But one thing that we all know is that, if there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a ghost the play would have no meaning. The ghost came back to the kingdom to ask Hamlet to avenge his murder, and because of this, it creates the main points of the play. In some opinion, HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s madness was caused by the ghost. Some think HamletÃ¢â¬â¢s madness was caused by the betrayal he felt towards his mother and uncle. Shakespeare has given us a play that leaves us wondering and looking for answers. How to cite Short Biography William Shakespeare, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About Human Resource Function in Recruitment? Answer: Introduction The human resource management (HRM) focuses in HR research, employee assistance, compensation and labor unions thus helping employee work effectively towards realization of organizational goals (Christensen Rog, 2008). Aligning human resource functions with strategic plan help organization in many ways. It helps in career development of employees through training to equip them with skills necessary to do their jobs. HR function helps in selection and staffing to effectively achieve strategic goals. This ensures that there are right people to do a given job. The HR understand the strategic plan of organization and therefore they ensure that plan is workable from the start by finding right people (Alagaraja, 2013). Impact of current global conditions on HRM recruitment practices Current global conditions such as political, technological, economic and legal factors have changed HRM practices. The global conditions can be regarded as uncontrollable factors and thus the HRM needs to change to accommodate such external factors. The globalization has encouraged diversity recruitment within organization so as to interact with consumers and stakeholders from diverse languages, social background and cultures (Breaugh, 2008). HR has to hire employees from equally diverse backgrounds. The organization recruits diverse workforce who contribute range of ideas to stimulate organizational growth and improve on its performance. Globalization has also pushed for professional development so as to provide employees with opportunities for career development. HRM in organizations therefore organizes for resources to allow employees earn university degree or sponsor employees to attend conferences and networking events (Tsao et al., 2016). Globalization has further influenced HRM to put more emphasis on training. Training focuses on needs of individual employees. The staff in call centers are usually offered language classes to develop best communication skills to interact with clients globally. Globalization has further pushed for acquisition of equipment and software to reach out to the rest of the world necessitating training of staff on its use. Business serving global customers has to understand how to apply law across jurisdictions (Shen et al., 2009). The tax and labor law may differ across different countries and thus organization has to understand these laws since breaching may results in serious impact like damaging companys reputation or spending huge finance for legal purposes (Tsao et al., 2016). A process to select and recruit new employees in Qantas Airline Qantas Airline is one of leading airline based in Australia that offers air transport services across the world. The organization has developed effective recruiting system for new employees to align with organizational goals. The process start with identifying the vacancy and evaluating the skills needed for the job. This helps in hiring the right person for the role. The HR must align the staff skills with organizational goals. The second step is to develop position description so as develop questions and evaluations for the interview (Qantas, 2017). The job description articulates responsibilities and qualifications to attract suitable candidates. Qantas Airline HR identifies essential functions, position purpose, minimum requirements and preferred qualification. The third step is development of recruitment plan that serve to attract best candidate as well as inclusion of women and underrepresented groups like individuals living with disabilities. The recruitment plan further stipu late advertising channels for the position (Noe et al., 2006). The next step is selecting search committee consisting of more than one person to avoid biases. This is followed by posting position and implementing recruitment plan. The post position is posted in the companys website as well as local newspapers. The candidates apply the job by completing electronic application and submitting their resume and cover letters. The sixth step is review of applicants and develop short listed candidates. The next step is conducting interview that could be virtual or panel interview. During interview the committee interact with candidates to learn more about prospective employee. The last step is selecting hire after committee discuss interviewees and compare their performance based on selection criteria. This process has made Qantas effective in recruiting most suitable employees who will work to deliver organizations goals. The company has tried to standardize recruitment procedure by posting guidelines on its websites. Qantas have a career site that list vacant positions and description of relevant skills and experience to guide the potential applicants before submitting their application online. Just like many other institutions, Qantas Airline emphasizes on the CV that is up to date to increase chances of being short-listed. The assessment procedure of applicants involves combination of interview, psychometric testing and tray of exercises. The critical part is its policy that ensure that applicants confidential information is managed to maintain privacy. The company further requires applicants to adhere to residency and visa requirements depending on the country where the position will be based (Qantas, 2017). Challenges for recruiting the workforce in Qantas Airline Qantas Airline is striving to be competitive in transport industry by recruiting and retaining high skill and talented workforce. The Australian firms have recently faced challenges of attracting and retaining staff particularly recruiting the right staff during the first round. He cost of recruiting new employees is reported to be significantly high for Australian firms due to legal requirements (Hutchings, De Cieri Shea, 2011). It is therefore vital for Qantas Airline to address the following challenges in order to gain competitive advantage out of best workforce. Diversity recruitment challenge Diversity recruitment is known to increase productivity of organization due to pooled talents and skills that enhances creativity and innovation within the organization (Pitts, 2009). The transport industry including road, air or rail has had challenged in implementing diversity recruitment to get workforce from diverse background like age, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, race, nationality religion and veteran status among others. The main concern for Qantas Airline in diversity recruitment is to get more women to occupy more technical jobs like pilots, top management job and ICT. The organization has had for a long time finding difficult to find women who suits the advertised top jobs particular from Australia. This is replicated globally due to few women taking engineering courses (Hill Corbett St Rose, 2010). The diversity requirement is necessary to achieve success in airlines when competing in a global economy. The benefits of having diverse workforce include rapid growth of organization, maintenance of high revenues and profits, increased productivity, build of solid infrastructure, better customer service delivery and increased innovativeness (Stevens, Plaut Sanchez-Burks, 2008). Workplace diversity can be achieved through diversity recruitment however, poor implementation of recruitment policies hamper realization of the dream. It is reported that there persist minimal cases of inequality, discrimination and workplace exclusion in Qantas Airline thus hampering diversity recruitment. Lack of support and commitment from top management has slowed realization of workplace diversity in the company. The recent changes in HR department is expected to increase financial performance of Qantas (HCA, 2015). Scarcity of workforce The larger portion of transport requires personnel for hospitality and customer care due to stiff competition in air transport as a result of globalization. In the recent times, Qantas Airline saw the need to adopt technology in its process due to huge technological demands impacting the transport industry. It is reported that many customers globally are preferring electronic forms of purchases especially making orders and making payments (Neiberger, 2008). The technological advancement has helped the company to serve its customers well. However, Qantas has find it challenging to find potential employees that has the ability and skills to maintain highest level of technical competency when it comes to upholding safe and ethical practices with regard to use of technology. A recent study by Hampson et al. (2015) reveals that Australia is among the countries that is likely to be hit hard by global workforce shortage in aircraft maintenance and is estimated to be 30% by 2025. Some of the reasons lowering availability of workforce in aircraft industry in Australia is stiff regulations pertaining training and licensing. Some of the proposed means to address the problem include expansion of training facilities, keeping the engineers productively employed to provide their requisite skills until market demand revives, reforming learning and other training institutions to ensure that new generation of highly qualified engineers are delivered to the market and harmonizing career paths to maintain balance in workforce joining aviation and aerospace manufacturing (Hampson et al., 2015). It is therefore imminent that Qantas find creative solution to attract and retain skilled workforce for the technical support, managerial position, pilots and customer care. High cost of recruitment Qantas faces a major challenge of high cost both direct and indirect that is associated with hiring. The company has relied for long term job advertisements on its website, however, due to inefficiency the company has resorted to combine website with other forms of advertisement for job vacancies including print media especially local newspapers and television channels. Qantas experiences huge cost of advertising for the available vacancies apart from paying recruitment consultants and agencies especially when hiring employees to take senior positions. The skill and talent shortages in Australia for air transport sector is proving too expensive for transport firms. Qantas has to put up with high cost associated with hiring and training new employee. Gap required to fill a given position with right staff result in loss of productivity. Another challenge is balancing skills and experience during recruitment. It is reported that many organizations in air transport sector in Australia values a candidate with more experience over qualifications. It is important to recognize that each job requires set of skills and it is therefore important for organization to balance between skills, qualification and organizational branding. In the US, a major problem of workforce is manifesting itself as baby boomers are retiring faster compared to aging workforce. This creates challenge in transferring knowledge to productive young labor force required to attain competitiveness. Complicated hiring process Qantas has long process of hiring starting from advertisement until selection thus slowing hiring process (Sarina Lansbury, 2013). The first step involving pre-qualification encompasses viewing CV and other documents of applicant. The detailed application process further requires applicant to provide more information that requires more time for reviewing. Consequently, competency and long interviews are conducted stepwise in interval of more than a week. Similarly, skills exams and background check take significant time and some potential employees may lose hope of getting job due to lengthy procedures (Sarina Wright, 2015). Inability to offer competitive salary packages The availability of information to the employees has made it easily for them to find firms that offer competitive packages. Qantas is not able to offer high salary to its employees due to its strategy to lower prices for its customers particularly fair in order to remain competitive (Graf, 2005). As a result, the low profitability has forced company to offer low salaries to its employees. Since the company that offers more wages and salaries is able to win talented workforce, Qantas misses this opportunity. Conclusion Qantas Airline has great opportunity of performing effectively after is address challenges associated with recruitment. It can be concluded that the major challenges facing recruitment in Qantas include challenge of achieving diversity recruitment, scarcity of skilled workforce, high cost of recruitment, complex recruitment procedure and inability to offer competitive salary packages. It is therefore recommended that Qantas adopt creative solution to these problem to recruit and attain highly skilled workforce in order to minimizing operation cost and increase profitability. References Alagaraja, M. (2013). Mobilizing organizational alignment through strategic human resource development. Human Resource Development International, 16(1), 74-93. Breaugh, J. A. (2008). Employee recruitment: Current knowledge and important areas for future research. Human Resource Management Review, 18(3), 103-118. Christensen H. J., Rog, E. (2008). Talent management: A strategy for improving employee recruitment, retention and engagement within hospitality organizations. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 20(7), 743-757. Graf, L. (2005). Incompatibilities of the low-cost and network carrier business models within the same airline grouping. Journal of Air Transport Management, 11(5), 313-327. Hampson, I., Fraser, D., Quinlan, M., Junor, A., Gregson, S. (2015). The Future of Aircraft Maintenance in Australia: Workforce Capability, Aviation Safety and Industry Development. HCA. (2015). How HR helped to transform Qantas. Retrieved on May 17, 2017 from https://www.hcamag.com/hr-news/how-hr-helped-to-transform-qantas-209442.aspx. Hill, C., Corbett, C., St Rose, A. (2010). Why so few? Women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. American Association of University Women. 1111 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Hutchings, K., De Cieri, H., Shea, T. (2011). Employee attraction and retention in the Australian resources sector. Journal of Industrial Relations, 53(1), 83-101. Neiberger, C. (2008). The effects of deregulation, changed customer requirements and new technology on the organisation and spatial patterns of the air freight sector in Europe. Journal of Transport Geography, 16(4), 247-256. Noe, R. A., Hollenbeck, J. R., Gerhart, B., Wright, P. M. (2006). Human resource management: Gaining a competitive advantage. Pitts, D. (2009). Diversity management, job satisfaction, and performance: Evidence from US federal agencies. Public Administration Review, 69(2), 328-338. Qantas. (2017). Recruitment Process. Retrieved on May 17, 2017 from Qantas Airline: https://www.qantas.com/travel/airlines/recruitment-process/global/en. Sarina, T., Lansbury, R. D. (2013). Flying high and low? Strategic choice and employment relations in Qantas and Jetstar. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 51(4), 437-453. Sarina, T., Wright, C. F. (2015). Mutual gains or mutual losses? Organisational fragmentation and employment relations outcomes at Qantas Group. Journal of Industrial Relations, 57(5), 686-706. Shen, J., Chanda, A., D'netto, B., Monga, M. (2009). Managing diversity through human resource management: An international perspective and conceptual framework. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20(2), 235-251. Stevens, F. G., Plaut, V. C., Sanchez-Burks, J. (2008). Unlocking the benefits of diversity: All-inclusive multiculturalism and positive organizational change. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 44(1), 116-133. Tsao, C. W., Newman, A., Chen, S. J., Wang, M. J. (2016). HRM retrenchment practices and firm performance in times of economic downturn: exploring the moderating effects of family involvement in management. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(9), 954-973.
Tuesday, March 31, 2020
4 Myth Theories There are four basic theories of myth. Those theories are: the rational myth theory, functional myth theory, structural myth theory, and the phsycological myth theory. The rational myth theory states that myths were created to explain natural events and forces. Functional myths are what you call the kinds of myths that were created as a type of social control. The third myth theory is the structural myth theory. This theory says that myths were patterned after human mind and human nature. The phsycological myth theory is the fourth myth theory which states that myths are based on human emotion. The rational myth theory states that myths were made to better understand natural events and forces that occurred in the everyday lives of people. This theory also explains that the gods and goddesses controlled all of these happenings of nature. Examples of this type of myth are creation myths from different cultures. Creation myths explain how man was created and explain what the gods and goddesses used and what actions they took to create humans. These myths also tell what substances were used (if any) in order for man to exist. The existence of man is a natural event but creation myths give other explanations. The functional myth theory talks about how myths were used to teach morality and social behavior. It states that myths told about what types of things should and shouldnt be done, and the consequences for those wrong doings. The functional myth theory also states that myths were created for social control and served the function of insuring stability in a society. A story about a tribe who rebelled against the great serpent, Degei, is a good example of a functional myth. This story is about a tribe who learned many skills from their great serpent god, Degei, and then became Degeis workers and servants. Two chiefs of this tribe were sick of working for him and tried to defeat him; they were too weak for Degei. Instead of winning their freedom, they were killed in a great flood caused by Degei. This myth is trying to say that you should not be lazy because if you are, then you will regret it. Structural myths are said to be myths based on human emotion. These types of myths show the two sides of the human mind; the good side and the bad side. They show the divided self and the duality of human nature. Myths about Hercules show how the human mind can be both good and bad. Hercules did both good and bad things. One of the bad things he did was (in Jason and the Argonauts) he stole a broach pin from the treasure chamber of the god Talos. This sin caused his friend to be killed. Hercules knew that his friend was killed because of his sin, so to make up for it, he vowed to stay on the island until his friend was found. The phsycological myth theory states how myths are based on human emotion and that they come from the human subconscious mind. Cultures all around the world had similar fears, questions, and wishes which, to them, were unexplainable. That is the reason that phsycological myths were made; and that is why there are archetypes shared between cultures. Archetypes are general forms and characters used by all cultures. Some archetypes found between cultures are having a sky god (Zeus and Oleron),a sea god (Poseidon and Olokun), and an agricultural god (Orisha-Oko and Demeter). These archetypes are examples of how people think alike when it comes to things that are to them mysteries and fears. In conclusion, it appears that man created myths for quite a few reasons. These reasons include explaining the unknown, natural events and forces, to show the duality and pureness of human nature and the human mind, and to help societies maintain order and remain stable. There must be more reasons of exactly why myths should have arisen but that is beyond the extent of this essay. Mythology
Saturday, March 7, 2020
From Mill town to Utopia essays During the early 1800s woman were still not able to vote but were able to work. In the article, From Utopia to Mill Town. Women chose to work in mills instead of more formal jobs. Working in the mills allowed woman to get more pay and gave them a sense of freedom. Lowells Mills employed many women which were White Anglo-Saxon Protestant. Many women in the mills were from New England farms. Having worked in farms for so long gave women the idea of routine. The women who worked at mills were those of low incomes and wanted to have independence from complete monotony. As viewed by most Americans if not all Americans those of low income dream of having a radiant lifestyle. Women who chose working in mills over traditional jobs such as teaching or house wife longed for that lifestyle Due to lack of labor laws women were forced to work 6 days being up before sunlight and ending at dusk. The women received $2.00 to $4.00. This was half the average working man. The women usually worked 12 hours a day depending on the season. Women were only given 3 holidays a year without pay. Working in the mills were unsafe environment for any mill worker to endure. Due to lack of knowledge of new machines many women were hurt. During the year the windows were nailed shut and women had to suffer the heat and dangerous fumes in the air. Critics even stated that women who worked in such conditions were going home to die. It was a very harsh time for women. Even though they were making okay money the effects on there body and safety may not have been worth it. The Lowell experiment failed due to increase hours and pay falling. The LFLRA (Lowell Female Labor Reform Association) and began protesting against wage cuts and increased hours in unsafe conditions. Soon the group of women left the mill and Lowell was forced to higher slow Irish women. These women were uneducated and often cost the mills more money t...
Thursday, February 20, 2020
H.W - Essay Example The view incorporating God and man forms the basis of all Lockean theories. John LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s major justification of property rights emphasizes effort or labor. In the initial portion of his treatise on property he uses the concept labor to anchor his arguments. However, by the end it is obvious that Locke supports the unrestricted accretion of wealth. The major flaw in LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s approach to labor is that in the real world, some people may inherit property, thus being born to ownership and property Ã¢â¬â the concept of the Ã¢â¬Ëfruits of laborÃ¢â¬â¢ does not arise here. On the other hand, others, often the majority of the population in most societies, may be born into the working class. The inheritor of property often not only owns the property, but also the labor of the worker, as well as the product produced by the worker. Another valid criticism of LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s theory concerns his Ã¢â¬ËsufficiencyÃ¢â¬â¢ proviso, wherehe states that individuals can own property only if there is enough to go around. What happens when, as in the world today with its burgeoning population, there are not enough resources to meet even basic needs and there are huge disparities between the haves and have-nots? Next, Locke seems to imply that only those who work can own property Ã¢â¬â what of people who are physically or mentally handicapped? Finally. Locke also propagates the idea that those who arrive first to make use of unowned land have not just rights over the land, but also the right to bestow ownership of that land to their children. This concept only serves to perpetuate a class structure and emphasize distinctions between those classes. John Lockes theories, and in particular his theory of property rights, must be appreciated in the context of the thinkerÃ¢â¬â¢s political affiliations. Part of his effort was to justify English colonialist policies as he was